BLEVE

BLEVE is boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion. BLEVE is caused during fire of a tank, drum or any storage of liquids or gas when the container gives up due to pressure above its boiling point.

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BLEVE is a great danger for fire fighters and those near. The first time this term was used after the Kansas City incident.

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In Emergency Response Procedures for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods  (EmS Guide) Below Schedules warns about BLEVE

F – C : NON-FLAMMABLE GASES

Gases in closed tanks exposed to heat may explode suddenly in or after a fire situation by a Boiling Liquid-Expanding Vapour Explosion (BLEVE). Heated or ruptured cylinders may rocket.

F – D : FLAMMABLE GASES

Gases in closed tanks exposed to heat may explode suddenly in or after a fire situation by a Boiling Liquid-Expanding Vapour Explosion (BLEVE).  Crew members should be aware of the explosion hazard and take appropriate action.

F – E : NON-WATER REACTIVE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS

Cargoes in tanks exposed to heat may explode suddenly in or after a fire situation by a Boiling Liquid-Expanding Vapour Explosion (BLEVE). Keep tanks cool with copious quantities of water.

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