High consequence Dangerous Goods & Security

In 1998  bombing of US Embassy in Nairobi terrorist used TNT , oxygen tanks, gas cylinders and four bags of ammonium nitrate fertilizer resulting in 100s of death and massive destruction.  Marriot bombing in Islamabad terrorist used approximately 600 KG of RDX mixed with TNT killing  54 and  266 injured!!!
Ammonium nitrate is widely used by terrorists due it is easy availability and deadly potential when turned into an explosive.

English: Modern tank cars such as TILX 290344 ...

For security in transport of dangerous goods IMDG Code recommend Consignors and others involved in transport chain to adopt, carry out and comply with a security plan.

Model Regulations defines high consequence dangerous goods as those which have the potential for misuse in a terrorist incident and may produce serious consequences such as mass casualties or mass destruction.

There is a mandatory requirement for Shore-side personnel engaged in transport of dangerous goods by sea to undergo a security training addressing security risks, methods to address to reduce risks and action to be taken in the event of a security breach.

Security training and measures should include various levels addressing the organizational measures, measures for its employees within their capacity , measures to drivers hauling dangerous goods by road to identify the risks and actions to be taken.

In IMDG Code below are listed as an indicative list of high consequence dangerous goods

Class

Substance / Articles

1

Division 1.1 explosives

1

Division 1.2 explosives

1

Division 1.3 compatibility group C explosives

1

Division 1.4 UN Nos. 0104, 0237, 0255, 0267, 0289, 0361, 0365, 0366, 0440, 0441, 0455, 0456 and 0500

1

Division 1.5 explosives

2.1

Flammable gases in quantities greater than 3000 ℓ in a road tank vehicle, a railway tank wagon or a portable tank

2.3

Toxic gases

3

Flammable liquids of packing groups I and II in quantities greater than 3000 ℓ in a road tank vehicle, a railway tank wagon or a portable tank

3

Desensitized liquid explosives

4.1

Desensitized solid explosives

4.2

Goods of packing group I in quantities greater than 3000 kg or 3000 ℓ in a road tank vehicle, a railway tank wagon, a portable tank or a bulk container

4.3

Goods of packing group I in quantities greater than 3000 kg or 3000 ℓ in a road tank vehicle, a railway tank wagon, a portable tank or a bulk container

5.1

Oxidizing liquids of packing group I in quantities greater than 3000 ℓ in a road tank vehicle, a railway tank wagon or a portable tank

5.1

Perchlorates, ammonium nitrate, ammonium nitrate fertilizers and ammonium nitrate emulsions or suspensions or gels in quantities greater than 3000 kg or 3000 ℓ in a road tank vehicle, a railway tank wagon, a portable tank or a bulk container

6.1

Toxic substances of packing group I

6.2

Infectious substances of category A (UN Nos. 2814 and 2900)

7

Radioactive material in quantities greater than 3000 A1 (special form) or 3000 A2, as applicable, in Type B(U) or Type B(M) or Type C packages

8

Corrosive substances of packing group I in quantities greater than 3000 kg or 3000 ℓ in a road tank vehicle, a railway tank wagon, a portable tank or a bulk container

 Various elements are recommended by IMDG Code to be included in the security plan.